Hybrid vSphere and AWS

This quickstart guide covers the necessary steps to deploy two OpenShift Container Platform (OCP) clusters: one on VMware vSphere with user provisioned infrastructure (UPI) and the other one on AWS with full stack automation, also known as installer-provisioned infrastructure (IPI). Once the OpenShift clusters are deployed, we deploy Submariner with Service Discovery to interconnect the two clusters.

Prerequisites

Before we begin, the following tools need to be downloaded and added to your $PATH:

  1. OpenShift installer, pull secret, and command line interface. All can be downloaded from here.
  2. AWS CLI which can be downloaded from here.

Please ensure that the tools you downloaded above are compatible with your OpenShift Container Platform version. For more information, please refer to the official OpenShift documentation.

Create and Deploy cluster-a on vSphere (On-Prem)

In this step you will deploy cluster-a using the default IP CIDR ranges:

Pod CIDR Service CIDR
10.128.0.0/14 172.30.0.0/16

Before you deploy an OpenShift Container Platform cluster that uses user-provisioned infrastructure, you must create the underlying infrastructure. Follow the OpenShift documenation for installation instructions on supported versions of vSphere.

Submariner Gateway nodes need to be able to accept IPsec traffic. For on-premises clusters behind corporate firewalls, the default IPsec UDP ports might be blocked. To overcome this, Submariner supports NAT Traversal (NAT-T) with the option to set custom non-standard ports. In this example, we use UDP 4501 and UDP 501. Ensure that those ports are allowed on the gateway node and on the corporate firewall.

Submariner also uses VXLAN to encapsulate traffic from the worker and master nodes to the Gateway nodes. Ensure that firewall configuration on the vSphere cluster allows 4800/UDP across all nodes in the cluster in both directions.

Protocol Port Description
UDP 4800 Overlay network for inter-cluster traffic
UDP 4501 IPsec traffic
UDP 501 IPsec traffic

When the cluster deployment completes, directions for accessing your cluster, including a link to its web console and credentials for the kubeadmin user, display in your terminal.

Create and Deploy cluster-b on AWS

Setup Your AWS Profile

Configure the AWS CLI with the settings required to interact with AWS. These include your security credentials, the default AWS Region, and the default output format:

$ aws configure
AWS Access Key ID [None]: ....
AWS Secret Access Key [None]: ....
Default region name [None]: ....
Default output format [None]: text

Create and Deploy cluster-b

In this step you will deploy cluster-b, modifying the default IP CIDRs to avoid IP address conflicts with cluster-a. You can change the IP addresses block and prefix based on your requirements. For more information on IPv4 CIDR conversion, please check this page.

In this example, we will use the following IP ranges:

Pod CIDR Service CIDR
10.132.0.0/14 172.31.0.0/16
openshift-install create install-config --dir cluster-b

Change the Pod network CIDR from 10.128.0.0/14 to 10.132.0.0/14:

sed -i 's/10.128.0.0/10.132.0.0/g' cluster-b/install-config.yaml

Change the Service network CIDR from 172.30.0.0/16 to 172.31.0.0/16:

sed -i 's/172.30.0.0/172.31.0.0/g' cluster-b/install-config.yaml

And finally deploy the cluster:

openshift-install create cluster --dir cluster-b

When the cluster deployment completes, directions for accessing your cluster, including a link to its web console and credentials for the kubeadmin user, display in your terminal.

Install subctl

Download the subctl binary and make it available on your PATH.

curl -Ls https://get.submariner.io | bash
export PATH=$PATH:~/.local/bin
echo export PATH=\$PATH:~/.local/bin >> ~/.profile

If you have Go installed, you can use that instead:

go install github.com/submariner-io/submariner-operator/pkg/subctl

(and ensure your go/bin directory is on your PATH).

Prepare AWS Cluster for Submariner

Submariner Gateway nodes need to be able to accept traffic over UDP ports (4500 and 4490 by default). Submariner also uses UDP port 4800 to encapsulate traffic from the worker and master nodes to the Gateway nodes, and TCP port 8080 to retrieve metrics from the Gateway nodes. Additionally, the default OpenShift deployment does not allow assigning an elastic public IP to existing worker nodes, which may be necessary on one end of the tunnel connection.

subctl cloud prepare is a command designed to update your OpenShift installer provisioned AWS infrastructure for Submariner deployments, handling the requirements specified above.

The default EC2 instance type for the Submariner gateway node is m5n.large, optimized for improved network throughput and packet rate performance. Please ensure that the AWS Region you deploy to supports this instance type. Alternatively, you can choose to deploy using a different instance type.

You need to extract your infra ID and region in order to use the command. Its possible to extract them from the metadata.json file that the OpenShift Installer created:

metadata_file=<path/to>/metadata.json
infra_id=$(jq -r .infraID $metadata_file)
region=$(jq -r .aws.region $metadata_file)

Run the command for cluster-b:

export KUBECONFIG=cluster-b/auth/kubeconfig
subctl cloud prepare aws --infra-id $infra_id --region $region --natt-port 4501

Note that certain parameters, such as the tunnel UDP port and AWS instance type for the gateway, can be customized. For example:

subctl cloud prepare aws --infra-id $infra_id --region $region --natt-port 4501 --gateway-instance m4.xlarge

Submariner can be deployed in HA mode by setting the gateways flag:

subctl cloud prepare aws --infra-id $infra_id --region $region --gateways 3

Install Submariner with Service Discovery

To install Submariner with multi-cluster service discovery, follow the steps below:

Use cluster-b (AWS) as Broker with Service Discovery enabled

subctl deploy-broker --kubeconfig cluster-b/auth/kubeconfig

Join cluster-b (AWS) and cluster-a (vSphere) to the Broker

subctl join --kubeconfig cluster-b/auth/kubeconfig broker-info.subm --ikeport 501 --nattport 4501
subctl join --kubeconfig cluster-a/auth/kubeconfig broker-info.subm --ikeport 501 --nattport 4501

Verify Deployment

To manually verify the deployment, follow the steps below using either a headless or ClusterIP nginx service deployed in cluster-b.

Deploy ClusterIP Service
export KUBECONFIG=cluster-b/auth/kubeconfig
kubectl -n default create deployment nginx --image=nginxinc/nginx-unprivileged:stable-alpine
kubectl -n default expose deployment nginx --port=8080
subctl export service --namespace default nginx
Deploy Headless Service

Note that headless Services can only be exported on non-globalnet deployments.

export KUBECONFIG=cluster-b/auth/kubeconfig
kubectl -n default create deployment nginx --image=nginxinc/nginx-unprivileged:stable-alpine
kubectl -n default expose deployment nginx --port=8080 --cluster-ip=None
subctl export service --namespace default nginx
Verify

Run nettest from cluster-a to access the nginx service:

export KUBECONFIG=cluster-a/auth/kubeconfig
kubectl -n default  run --generator=run-pod/v1 tmp-shell --rm -i --tty --image quay.io/submariner/nettest -- /bin/bash
curl nginx.default.svc.clusterset.local:8080

To access a Service in a specific cluster, prefix the query with <cluster-id> as follows:

curl cluster-b.nginx.default.svc.clusterset.local:8080

Verify StatefulSets

A StatefulSet uses a headless Service. Create a web.yaml as follows:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: nginx-ss
  labels:
    app.kubernetes.io/instance: nginx-ss
    app.kubernetes.io/name: nginx-ss
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 80
    name: web
  clusterIP: None
  selector:
    app.kubernetes.io/instance: nginx-ss
    app.kubernetes.io/name: nginx-ss
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: StatefulSet
metadata:
  name: web
spec:
  serviceName: "nginx-ss"
  replicas: 2
  selector:
    matchLabels:
        app.kubernetes.io/instance: nginx-ss
        app.kubernetes.io/name: nginx-ss
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app.kubernetes.io/instance: nginx-ss
        app.kubernetes.io/name: nginx-ss
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: nginx-ss
        image: nginxinc/nginx-unprivileged:stable-alpine
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
          name: web

Use this yaml to create a StatefulSet web with nginx-ss as the Headless Service.

export KUBECONFIG=cluster-a/auth/kubeconfig
kubectl -n default apply -f web.yaml
subctl export service -n default nginx-ss
curl nginx-ss.default.svc.clusterset.local:8080

To access the Service in a specific cluster, prefix the query with <cluster-id>:

curl cluster-a.nginx-ss.default.svc.clusterset.local:8080

To access an individual pod in a specific cluster, prefix the query with <pod-hostname>.<cluster-id>:

curl web-0.cluster-a.nginx-ss.default.svc.clusterset.local:8080

Perform automated verification

This will perform automated verifications between the clusters.

export KUBECONFIG=cluster-a/auth/kubeconfig:cluster-b/auth/kubeconfig
subctl verify --kubecontexts cluster-a,cluster-b --only service-discovery,connectivity --verbose